Cuba is a Caribbean archipelago located just outside the Gulf of Mexico, between North and South America. The name probably derives from the term cubanacàn translatable with the expression “central place”. It is a place of great charm, which has made cultural and political contradictions a characteristic feature. a land of music and ancient traditions, Cuba is still today one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.
Cuba the story of a mysterious land
Impossible to summarize in few lines history of Cuba. This land of insignificant dimensions has been the protagonist of some of the most important and significant historical and political events of all time. Inhabited in ancient times by Amerindian populations, it was conquered and colonized by the Spaniards from 1511, when Hernando de Soto settled there. However, economic development occurred only in the eighteenth century, when it became British possession.
To understand the importance of Cuba it is necessary to make a leap into the twentieth century, when Fidel Castro and his revolution entered in history.The Cuban revolution began in 1953 with the assault of the Moncada barracks and ended in 1959 with the flight of the dictator Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar. At the head of the revolution is the lawyer Fidel Castro and the Argentine doctor Ernesto “Che” Guevara.
The success of the revolution caused the beginning of a strong tension with the US government, which had its climax with the invasion of the Bay of Pigs, the failed attempt to overthrow the Castro regime. In 1961 the Kennedy presidency decreed the total embargo. These are the years of the Cold War when the missile crisis makes the whole world tremble.
Today, with the death of Fidel Castro and the apparent closure of Trump, we can not but wait to know the fate of this beautiful and controversial land.
Cuba, what you can see.
There are many tourist attractions in Cuba. Havana (Saint Cristòbal de la Habana), capital of the archipelago, is certainly the main tourist site. In the Caribbean city it is possible to visit beautiful monuments and immerse yourself in the evocative Cuban atmosphere. Among the places not to be missed we point out the ancient part of the city (Old Havana), declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. Here, among the fortifications and monumental architectures, there is the magnificent Cathedral of Havana (Catedràl de la inmaculada Concepción de Maria), in Baroque style. Also of great historical and artistic importance is the Columbus Cemetery, built in the nineteenth century. It is the largest cemetery in all of America, where you can admire precious Carrara marble sculptures and monumental complexes.
Among the most visited tombs is that of the young Amelia Goryi de Hoz, buried with her child in her arms, whom the Cubans consider as a symbol of hope. Among the wonders of Cuba we can not but count the colossal Fortaleza De San Carlos de la Cabana, a complex of fortifications, built in the eighteenth century during the Seven Years’ War. Now an exceptional location for important cultural events, La Cabana, during the Revolution, was inhabited by Che Guevara who made it his headquarters